Energy Conservation & Energy Efficiency: Energy conservation is synonym to “Energy Saving”. Conserve means to avoid using. For e.g. shutting off the lights when not in use depicts Energy Conservation. In present scenario, there is wide gap between electrical supply and demand where demand is higher than supply which results in unscheduled load shedding and improper power management. Also, some technical parameters such as T&D and AT&C losses are on the higher side which results in total wastage of electrical energy. Hence to reduce their intensity, it is necessary to save energy since one unit of energy saved results in avoiding two units of generation and which also helps in conserving the climate by reducing carbon dioxide emissions. Energy Conservation helps in reducing the energy consumption without any investment. It is the most basic measures to reduce the energy consumption by using presence of mind and innovative thoughts. Most of the industries and commercial areas find it lucrative to adopt such measures since they consumes high electrical energy and implementing such measures leads to drastic amount of energy saving without any investment. Energy efficiency also helps in reducing the energy consumption but it comes with an investment. For e.g. Replacement of inefficient incandescent lamp with energy efficient lighting such as LED Bulb, LED Tube light and Energy Efficient Fan which reduces the energy consumption but savings are achieved with price of LED Bulb, LED Tube light and Energy Efficient Fan. These measures come second after implementing energy conservation measures since it requires huge amount of investment. Role of Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE): Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) has been set up by Government of India on 1st March 2002 under the provisions of the Energy Conservation Act, 2001 with the mission to assist in developing policies and strategies with a thrust on self-regulation and market principles, within the overall framework of the Energy Conservation Act 2001 with the primary objective of reducing energy intensity of Indian economy Role of BEE is to co-ordinates with designated consumers, designated agencies and other organizations and recognize, identify and utilize the existing resources and infrastructure, in performing regulatory and promotional functions assigned to it under the Energy Conservation Act, 2001. The BEE provide the financial assistance to the State Designated Agencies to coordinate, regulate and enforce efficient use of energy and its conservation at the State level. Various Schemes of BEE for promoting Energy efficiency is mentioned hereunder: ·         Standard and Labeling (S&L) ·         Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) ·         Agricultural DSM (Ag-DSM) ·         Municipal DSM (Mu-DSM) ·         Energy Efficiency in SME. ·         Performance, Achieve and Trade (PAT Scheme) ·         Contribution to State Energy Conservation Fund (CECF Scheme) ·         Operationalization of SDA’s.     BRIEF PROFILE OF UREDA & ITS VISION   Brief Profile of UREDA: The State of Uttarakhand since its existence is trying to harp on Non-Conventional and renewable energy sources in order to achieve sustainability in the energy sector. The Uttarakhand Renewable Energy Development Agency (UREDA) has been established in July, 2001 exclusively to promote Renewable Energy Sources, for which the state has tremendous potential. Govt. of Uttarakhand, vide its order No. 632/576/AS(E)/Camp/2008 dated 27th August, 2008, has nominated UREDA as "State Designated Agency (SDA)" in the State of Uttarakhand for Energy Conservation Programmes and awareness. UREDA functions under the administrative control of Department of Additional Sources of Energy, Govt. of Uttarakhand and basically implements the Renewable Energy, Energy Conservation, Publicity and Awareness Programmes in the State of Uttarakhand. Projects are directly being implemented through their specialized manpower and technical experts. In addition, UREDA designs and implements its own programmes which are specially suited for the state of Uttarakhand, and in many ways, has evolved systems, which are now accepted under the national programme. The Head Quarter of UREDA is established at Dehradun, the state capital. The thirteen district levels Project offices are working at respective district headquarter. Total working personnel in the UREDA are 79 including 21 officers. Following are the three main functions of SDA: ·         Development Agency. ·         Facilitator. ·         Regulatory body   ENERGY SECTOR OVERVIEW   Energy is one of the most important building blocks in human development, and, as such, acts as a key factor in determining the economic development of all countries. In an effort to meet the demands of a developing nation, the Indian energy sector has witnessed a rapid growth, Areas like the resource exploration and exploitation, capacity additions, and energy sector reforms have been revolutionized. However, resource augmentation and growth in energy supply have failed to meet the ever increasing demands exerted by the multiplying population, rapid urbanization and progressing economy. Hence, serious energy shortages continue to plague India, forcing it to rely heavily on imports. There is, therefore, an urgent need to conserve and reduce energy requirements by demand-side management and by adopting more efficient technologies in all sectors. Despite increasing dependency on commercial fuels, a sizeable quantum of energy requirements, especially in the rural household is met by non- commercial energy sources, which include fuel wood, crop residue, and animal waste, including human and draught animal power. However, other forms of commercial energy of a much higher quality and efficiency are steadily replacing the traditional energy resources being consumed in the rural sector. Resource augmentation and growth in energy supply has not kept pace with increasing demand and, therefore, India continues to face serious energy shortages. This has led to increased reliance on imports to meet the energy demand. 24x7 Power for Uttarakhand Electricity consumption is one of the most important indices that decide the development level of a nation. The Government of India is committed to improve the quality of life of its citizens through higher electricity consumption. Our aim is to provide each household access to electricity, round the clock.    The “Power for All” programme is a major step in this direction. 24x7 Power for All is a Joint Initiative of Government of India and the State Governments with the objective to provide 24x7 power available to all industry, Households, commercial businesses, public needs, any other electricity consuming entity and adequate power to agriculture farm holdings by FY 2018-19. Uttarakhand is third state in the country selected for ‘24x7 Power for All” programme. This roadmap document aims to meet the above objectives for the state of Uttarakhand. Uttarakhand is one of the few states in India which have high hydro potential. Electrification The State Government has adhere the central govt schemes Deen Dayal Upadhiya Gram Jyoti Yojna and Saubhagya and has electrified all the unelectrified households inclusive of all villages and takes where as there no un electrified villeges in the urban areas. The state has also incorporated the UDAY Scheme (UJWAL  DISCOM assurance Yojan) which was launched by Ministry Of Power, GoI for operational improvement financial turnaround, reduction of cost of generation of power, development of renewable energy and energy efficiency & conservation. Under this scheme the state has done work of feeder metering, distribution transformer metering, consumer indexing and GIS mapping, upgradation of DT, meters etc. Along with bringing AT&C losses to 15%. The state has also taken steps in terms of renewable energy for which captive solar generating units have been installed& connected with local grid. Growth in Demand In order to achieve the objective of 24x7 supply in the state, the state would see increase in the demand from 11876 MU at present to 12848 MU in 2030. In present conditions, the peak demand of 11876 MU was fully met owing to the availability of a large hydro-power capacity in the state. Adequacy of Transmission network The transmission schemes planned in the state would increase the present transformation capacity by 5180 MVA resulting in an overall transformation capacity of 13698 MVA.