Uttarakhand Goverment Portal, India (External Website that opens in a new window) http://india.gov.in, the National Portal of India (External Website that opens in a new window)

Solar Charkha (Spinning Mill)

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Scheduled Tribes in border districts of Uttarakhand & in other states of country like Jharkhand, Chattisgarh, Bihar etc were using hand operated drop spindle & paddle operated charkha for spinning of Wool & Silk. The drop spindle is quite primitive and yields hardly fifty grams yarn/day. The yarn spun on this device is uneven with non uniform twist. Secondly paddle operated spinning machine is difficult to operate & paddling causes abdominal pain due to heavy flywheel. This machine yields 60-80 grams/hours. In order to increase the earnings and enhancing livelihood opportunities of spinners, we need to introduce atomized efficient machines.

UREDA has launched a Solar Charkha programme for people in various districts of Uttarakhand which were using hand operated drop spindle & paddle operated charkha for spinning of Wool & Silk. In order to increase the earnings and enhancing livelihood opportunities of spinners, UREDA has introduce solar powered motorised spinning machine with the help of NGO’s like AVANI and TERI.

Technical Specifications of Single Spindle Solar Charkha

Sl. No.

Particulars

Capacity

1

DC Motor with speed regulator in single spindle charkha

80 Watt

2

Solar PV Panel with mounting structure

74 Watt

3

Tubular plate battery with battery box

12 volt 40 AH

4

CFL fitting mounted on Charkha

5 Watt

 

Solar Charkha Installed in Uttarakhand

UREDA has installed 138 numbers of solar charkha during year 2008-09 in district Uttarkasi of Uttarakhand. This figure increases by 152 numbers in the year 2009-10. The cost of single spindle solar charkha is come around Rs. 47,000. The MNRE is providing CFA of Rs. 243 per watt under JNNSM.

Benefits:-

1- The use of Solar Motorised Charkha can produce about three times more output.

2- This device is time saving.

3-  It is good source of income generation.

4- The quality of Wool is better then drop spindle and primitive charkha.

5- Introduction of new improved rural technology for enhancing livelihood.

6- Use of renewable energy in unelectrified areas.